Suspects will pay you a lot of compliments and ask you a lot of questions about your life, yet tell you very little themselves beyond a few select tales.Never disclose your personal details, such as bank details - this leaves you vulnerable to fraud.
When police searched Nigerian student Ojo's home in Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, they found a copy of Neil Strauss's bestselling dating manual The Game with them, which reveals the the skills and techniques used by 'pick up gurus' to seduce women.
They also used a book of love poems called For You, My Soul Mate: Loving Messages To Share With A Very Special Person, by Douglas Pagels to help them seduce the unsuspecting woman.
He told her that he was an engineer working in the oil industry, that he was divorced and had a daughter, and that his father and sister died of cancer.
He asked her for a loan to pay import duty for the machinery, and she dutifully paid more than £30,000 into the business account of his supposed personal assistant, a man allegedly called Brandon Platt.
Con artists will tell you tales to pluck at your heartstrings, with a view to gaining your trust and sympathy.
Sometimes they will ask for money to help them through a difficult situation. Anyone can send a picture which supports a story they are spinning.
Sometimes scammers will ask you to keep your relationship secret but this is just a ruse to stop you talking to someone who will realise you are being scammed.
If you are concerned that you are being scammed, stop communicating with the fraudsters and report it to police immediately.
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